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You are here: Home » Locations » Charlotte, North Carolina » Charlotte North Carolina Phase I Environmental Site Assessments

Charlotte, North Carolina Phase I Environmental Site Assessments

A Phase I Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) in Charlotte, North Carolina is a process that identifies, evaluates, and assesses potential environmental hazards or concerns associated with a property. Phase I ESAs are typically required by lenders and investors before they will provide financing for a property transaction. Phase I ESA guidelines are established by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in the ASTM E1527-13 standard.

A Phase I ESA benefits include the following:

  • Identify any potential environmental hazards or concerns associated with a property before you purchase it.
  • Avoid buying a property that is contaminated with hazardous materials.
  • Reduce your risk of liability for environmental cleanup costs.
  • Obtain financing for a property transaction.

Some of the most common environmental hazards that are identified during Phase I ESAs include:

Here are some tips for preparing for a Phase I ESA:

  • Gather all of the available information about the property, including historical records, environmental permits, and inspection reports.
  • Provide the assessor with access to the property and all relevant documents.
  • Be cooperative and responsive to the assessor’s questions.

State & Local Resources

Additional Charlotte, North Carolina state and local information about PCAs can be obtained from the following resources:


A Phase I ESA typically involves the following steps:
  • Site reconnaissance: The assessor will visit the property and inspect it for any potential environmental hazards.
  • Records review: The assessor will review historical records and other information to identify any potential environmental concerns associated with the property.
  • Interviews: The assessor may interview current and former owners, occupants, and other knowledgeable individuals to gather information about the property's environmental history.
  • Report: The assessor will prepare a report that summarizes the findings of the ESA and identifies any potential environmental hazards or concerns.

Frequently Asked Questions

Phase I ESAs are vital in Charlotte because they help potential property buyers, lenders, and investors understand the environmental risks associated with a property. They can prevent unexpected environmental liabilities and regulatory issues.
The primary purpose is to identify potential environmental liabilities and contamination on a property, which can affect its value and future use.
While there are no state-specific regulations for Phase I ESAs in North Carolina, the assessments should follow the ASTM E1527-13 standard, which is recognized nationally.
In some cases, a Phase I ESA conducted under the All Appropriate Inquiry (AAI) standard can provide liability protection under federal laws like CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act).

Digging Deeper

It’s important to note that conducting a Phase I ESA is not a guarantee that a property is free from environmental issues. Instead, it provides valuable information that allows buyers and developers to make informed decisions and potentially negotiate terms based on the findings.

For a Phase I ESA in Charlotte, it’s advisable to hire experienced environmental consultants or firms with expertise in local regulations and practices. These consultants will follow industry standards and work in accordance with North Carolina environmental regulations to provide a comprehensive and reliable assessment of the property’s environmental condition.

There are many qualified environmental consulting firms in Charlotte that can perform Phase I ESAs. When choosing an environmental consultant, it is important to consider their experience, qualifications, and reputation.

Here are a few tips for choosing a Phase I ESA consultant in Charlotte, North Carolina:

  • Ask for recommendations from other real estate professionals or businesses in the area.
  • Check the consultant’s website and read online reviews.
  • Make sure the consultant is licensed and insured.
  • Interview the consultant and ask about their experience with Phase I ESAs in Charlotte, North Carolina.

Once you have chosen a consultant, be sure to get a written proposal in advance that outlines the scope of work, timeline, and cost of the Phase I ESA.

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